Scripture quotations taken from the NASB

The Kingdom of God


In a court proceeding secondary or incidental evidence is not nearly as incriminating as firsthand testimony. In one case they "were eyewitnesses of His majesty" (2Pe 1:16) when they "heard this voice which came from heaven when we were with Him on the holy mountain" (:18). Christ "received from God the Father honor and glory when such a voice came to Him" (:17). They concluded that "we have the prophetic word made more sure" (:19) and "no prophecy was ever made by an act of human will" (:21). Peter therefore concludes that "we did not follow cleverly devised tales when we made known to you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ" (:16). Tales are ficticious stories. "Anyone who goes too far and does not abide in the teaching of Christ, does not have God" (2Jn 9). They "from the beginning were eyewitnesses and servants of the word" (Lk 1:2). John said "we have seen and testify and proclaim to you the eternal life, which was with the Father and was manifested to us" (1Jn 1:2). "This is the message we have heard from Him and announce to you, that God is Light, and in Him there is no darkness at all" (:5). Luke reports that "the things accomplished among us . . . were handed down to us" (Lk 1:1-2) in conjunction with "what we have seen and heard we proclaim to you also" (1Jn 1:3). It is "what was from the beginning, what we have heard, what we have seen with our eyes, what we have looked at and touched with our hands, concerning the Word of Life" (:1).

These apostles felt responsible to communicate what they had experienced and learned. John stated "these things we write, so that our joy may be made complete" (1Jn 1:4). Peter relates it is the "second letter I am writing to you in which I am stirring up your sincere mind by way of reminder" (2Pe 3:1). "These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, so that you may know that you have eternal life" (1Jn 5:13). Luke acknowledged that "many have undertaken to compile an account" (Lk 1:1) of these things and he, himself, "investigated everything carefully from the beginning, to write [it] out for you in consecutive order" (:3) "so you may know the exact truth" (:4). As long as you are "certain . . . [and] practice these things . . . the entrance into the eternal kingdom . . . will be abundantly supplied to you" (2Pe 1:10-11). "We know that the Son of God has come, and has given us understanding so that we may know Him who is true" (1Jn 5:20). However, not everyone agrees with this teaching. "We are from God; he who knows God listens to us; he who is not from God does not listen to us" (1Jn 4:6). John found only "some of your children walking in the truth" (2Jn 4) "as we have received commandment to do from the Father" (:4). He then stated "I was very glad when brethren came and testified to your truth, that is how you are walking in truth" (3Jn 3).

Kingdom at Hand

"The word of God came to John" (Lk 3:2) and he began "preaching a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins" (:3). Consequently "all were wondering in their hearts about John, as to whether he was the Christ" (:15). Jews were cognizant of this as Simeon was "looking for the consolation of Israel" (2:25) and Anna "continued to speak of Him to all those who were looking for the redemption of Jerusalem" (:38). "With many exhortations he preached the gospel to the people" (3:18) intimating that "'all flesh will see the salvation of God'" (:6) and saying, "'Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand'" (Mt 3:2). Jesus reminded them that by John "'the gospel of the kingdom of God has been preached, and everyone is forcing his way into it'" (Lk 16:16). Jesus, himself, "began to preach and say, 'Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand'" (Mt 4:17). He said, "I must preach the kingdom of God to the other cities also, for I was sent for this purpose'" (Lk 4:43). He was "teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the gospel" (Mt 4:23). The "'gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all the nations'" (24:14). This will result in an obedience in accordance with the prayer, "'Your kingdom come. Your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven'" (6:10). "'The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ; and He will reign forever and ever'" (Rev 11:15).

"The people were in a state of expectation" (Lk 3:15) and even the apostles asked, "'Lord, is it at this time you are restoring the kingdom to Israel?'" (Ac 1:6). After all, for forty days Jesus had been "speaking of the things concerning the kingdom of God" (:3). Even the Pharisees had questions and Jesus answered, "'The kingdom of God is not coming with signs to be observed'" (Lk 17:20). He told Pilate, "'My kingdom is not of this world'" (Jn 18:36) and "'as it is, My kingdom is not of this relm'" (:36) meaning that, as it stands, it is not a threat to the government. But rather "'the kingdom of God is in your midst'" (Lk 17:21). It is implemented from the inside out because "He has made us to be a kingdom, priests to His God and Father" (Rev 1:6). "'You have made them to be a kingdom and priests to our God; and they will reign upon the earth'" (5:10). It was furthered "when they believed Philip preaching the good news about the kingdom of God" (Ac 8:12). It was promulgated for two years when Paul was "preaching the kingdom of God and teaching concerning the Lord Jesus Christ" (28:30-31).

Kingdom is Near

Historically a king has been the focus of power and authority over a territory. He reigns because what he decides has to be obeyed since he has the ability to enforce his edicts. God told them he was the "'Creator of Israel, your King'" (Isa 43:15). They were to "remember also your Creator" (Ecc 12:1). There doesn't automatically have to be a king for "in those days there was no king in Israel" (Jdg 18:1). Then God told Samuel "'they have not rejected you, but they have rejected Me from being king over them'" (1Sa 8:7). God warned them of how a king would take advantage of them (:11-17) but they "refused to listen to the voice of Samuel, and they said, 'No, but there will be a king over us'" (:19). An example of man's dominion is Nimrod and "the beginning of his kingdom was Babel" (Ge 10:10) or Babylon. Satan "showed Him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time" (Lk 4:5) and said "'it has been handed over to me, and I give it to whomever I wish'" (:6). However, "the kingdom is the Lord's and He rules over the nations" (Ps 22:28). "He rules by His might forever; His eyes keep watch on the nations; let not the rebellious exalt themselves" (66:7). It is "the glory of the majesty of Your kingdom. Your kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and Your dominion endures throughout all generations" (145:12-13).

The kingdom of God seems all-encompassing so how is it appropriated? Jesus said, "'The kingdom of God is in your midst'" (Lk 17:21) which means "'Do not go away'" (:23) since it "'is not coming with signs to be observed'" (:20). It is near because it "'is at hand'" (Mt 4:17). Jesus told them, "'To you has been given the mystery of the kingdom of God, but those who are outside get everything in parables'" (Mk 4:11). It is a mystery because another translation of Luke 17:21 is that the kingdom is within you, and being inside (not outside), means that you understand. It is "His kingdom" (2Ti 4:1) since Jesus referred to it as "'My kingdom'" (Lk 22:30). It is the "kingdom of Christ and God" (Eph 5:5) and will become "'the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ'" (Rev 12:15). As representatives "He sent them out to proclaim the kingdom of God and to perform healing" (Lk 9:2). They were to say, "'The kingdom of God has come near to you'" (10:9). "All the people were trying to touch Him, for power was coming from Him and healing them all" (6:19). He told the Pharisees, "'If I cast out demons by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God has come upon you'" (Mt 12:28).

Enter the Kingdom

Peter put it into perspective referring to "I am in this earthly dwelling" (2Pe 1:13) and that the "laying aside of my earthly dwelling is imminent" (:14). "For we know that if the earthly tent which is our house is torn down, we have a building from God, a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens" (2Co 5:1). Paul also remarked he would "prefer rather to be absent from the body and be at home with the Lord" (:8). There is an "entrance into the eternal kingdom of our Lord" (2Pe 1:11). It was explained that Jesus "'has been taken from you into heaven'" (Ac 1:11). Paul anticipated that the "Lord will rescue me from every evil deed, and will bring me safely to His heavenly kingdom" (2Ti 4:18).

Jesus told them, "'Unless your righteousness surpasses that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will not enter the kingdom of heaven'" (Mt 5:20). "'Not everyone who says to Me, 'Lord, Lord,' will enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father who is in heaven will enter'" (7:21). Again he emphasized, "'Unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God'" (Jn 3:3). "'Unless one is born of water and the Spirit he cannot enter'" (:5). By water it means "I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you . . . from all your idols" (Eze 36:25). Christ "gave Himself up for her [the church] . . . having cleansed her by the washing of water with the word" (Eph 5:25-26). "He saved us . . . according to His mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewing by the Holy Spirit" (Titus 3:5). "'Unless you are converted and become like children, you will not enter the kingdom of heaven'" (Mt 18:3). Is being there simply a matter of location? A compromise mentioned by Jesus is that "'there are some of those who are standing here who will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God after it has come with power'" (Mk 9:1).

Jesus told the apostles, "'You are those who have stood by Me in My trials; and just as My Father has granted Me a kingdom, I grant you'" (Lk 22:29). "'I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven'" (Mt 16:19). Jesus told the disciples, "'Let the children alone . . . for the kingdom of heaven belongs to such as these'" (19:14). "'Do not be afraid, little flock, for your Father has chosen gladly to give you the kingdom'" (Lk 12:32). Even a scribe was getting close, for "when Jesus saw that he had answered intelligently, He said to him, 'You are not far from the kingdom of God'" (Mk 12:34). The King said, "'Come, you who are blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world'" (Mt 25:34).

Inherit the Kingdom

Jesus' disciples asked, "'When will these things happen, and what will be the sign of Your coming, and of the end of the age?'" (Mt 24:3). One sign is "'nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom'" (:7). Nations are countries or ethnicities but kingdoms are relms that are ruled over and not necessarily limited to countries. Nonetheless "'you will be hated by all nations because of My name'" (:9). "'They will deliver you to tribulation, and will kill you'" (:9). "'But the one who endures to the end, he will be saved'" (:12). It seems that this means more than just navigating through circumstances so you don't get killed. The gospel of the kingdom is to be preached (:14). It is a process to be prayed for saying, "'Your kingdom come. Your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven'" (6:10). The gospel is the "good news" of the kingdom representing the kingdom itself. It is a "'testimony to all the nations'" (:14) which is followed by "'the end'" (:14). Jesus pointed out, "'How hard it is to enter the kingdom of God!'" (Mk 10:25). Peter then cited, "'We have left everything and followed You'" (:28), but if you endure to the end (Mt 24:12), you will receive "'a hundred times as much . . . and in the age to come, eternal life'" (Mk 10:30). However, Jesus warned the Pharisees, "'Because you shut off the kingdom of heaven from people; for you do not enter in yourselves, nor do you allow those who are entering to go in'" (Mt 24:13) "'it shall be charged against this generation'" (Lk 11:51).

Paul encouraged the Colossians to give "thanks to the Father, who has qualified us to share in the inheritance of the saints in Light" (Col 1:12). The king said to them, "'Inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world'" (Mt 25:34). They "through faith and patience inherit the promises" (Heb 6:12). "The kingdom of heaven suffers violence, and violent men take it by force" (Mt 11:12). It denotes to catch away or pluck something by force suddenly excercised. A person must deliberately decide and act upon it. "Do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God?" (1Co 6:9). You don't qualify if you are unjust or wicked. "Flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable" (15:5). "The deeds of the flesh are evident" (Gal 5:19). "Those who practice such things will not inherit the kingdom of God" (:21). "No immoral or impure person or covetous man, who is an idolater, has an inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and God" (Eph 5:5). "We have obtained an inheritance" (1:11) which is "the riches of the glory of His inheritance in the saints" (:18). It is "the promise of the eternal inheritance" (Heb 9:15) and "an inheritance which is imperishable and undefiled and will not fade away, reserved i heaven for you" (1Pe 1:4).

Forfeited the Kingdom

Will Israel inherit the kingdom of God? God had specifically chosen them as he "rejected" (Ps 78:67) some and "did not choose" (:67) others. He made a covenant with them telling Moses to say, "'If you indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant, then you shall be My own possession among all the peoples for all the earth is Mine'" (Ex 19:5). "'Your Maker is your husband, the Lord of hosts is His name; and your Redeemer is the Holy One of Israel; He is called the God of the whole earth'" (Isa 54:5). He "chose the tribe of Judah" (Ps 78:68) and "also chose David His servant" (:70). God's purpose was to "shepherd Jacob His people" (:71) "according to the integrity of His heart" (:72). "'You shall be a kingdom of priests and a holy nation'" (Ex 19:6). Balaam prophesied, "'How fair are your tents, O Jacob, your dwellings, O Israel!'" (:5). "'He couches, he lies down as a lion, and as a lion, who dares rouse him?'" (:9).

However, Israel broke the covenant by committing spiritual adultery because "'she was a harlot there'" (Jer 3:6). Israel had been "'faithless'" (:6) and "'her treacherous sister Judah saw it'" (:7). God's response was, "'You adulterous wife, who takes strangers instead of her husband! Men give gifts to all harlots, but you give your gifts to all your lovers to bribe them!'" (Eze 16:32-33). He said, "'I will also do with you as you have done, you who have despised the oath by breaking the covenant'" (:59). "'You were sold for your iniquities, and for your transgressions your mother was sent away'" (Isa 50:1). "'I saw that for all the adulteries of faithless Israel, I had sent her away and given her a writ of divorce'" (Jer 3:8). "'She is not my wife, and I am not her husband'" (Hos 2:2). Furthermore, "the former husband who sent her away is not allowed to take her again to be his wife, since she has been defiled" (Dt 24:4). Therefore, the ten northern tribes of Israel were taken captive by the Assyrians in 721 B.C. after which they were dispersed into most of the known world never to return to their land.

In addition, "'Her treacherous sister Judah did not fear; but she went and was a harlot also'" (Jer 3:8) and "did not return to Me with all her heart, but rather in deception'" (:18). Consequently in 606 B.C. the southern kingdom was taken into captivity. Then after seventy years the exiles were permitted to return where they resumed the name of Israel as the designation for their nation. "'Nevertheless, I will remember My covenant with you . . . and will establish an everlasting covenant with you'" (Eze 16:60). It would be "'so that you may remember and be ashamed and never open your mouth anymore because of your humiliation'" (:63). "Afterward the sons of Israel will return and seek the Lord their God and David their king; and they will come trembling to the Lord and to His goodness in the last days" (Hos 3:5).

Restore the Kingdom

Paul adddresses Israel's destiny asking, "God has not rejected His people, has He?" (Ro 11:1). He answers "God has not rejected His people whom He foreknew" (:2). Paul then reveals that "at the present time [there is] a remnant according to God's gracious choice" (:5). Then he asks "if their rejection is the reconciliation of the world, what will their acceptance be but life from the dead?" (:15). They again will be branches of the "rich root of the olive tree" (:17). Therefore "if they do not continue in their unbelief, [they] will be grafted in, for God is able to graft them in again" (:23). He then reveals a "mystery" (:25) that "all Israel will be saved" (:26). At that time they were enemies of the gospel (:28) but by "God's choice they are beloved for the sake of the fathers; for the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable" (:28-29). In verse 27 he quotes a prophecy proving God's intention from Isaiah 59:20 saying, "'A redeemer will come to Zion, and to those who turn from transgression in Jacob.'" It pertains to a covenant saying, "'As for Me, this is My covenant with them'" (:20). It involves "'My Spirit which is upon you'" (:21) and that God's words "'shall not depart from your mouth, nor from the . . . mouth of your offspring's offspring . . . from now and forever'" (:21).

It coincides with the prophesy saying, "'Behold, days are coming . . . when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah'" (Jer 31:31). However, it will "'not [be] like the covenant I made with their fathers'" (:31). Nonetheless, that covenant is significant saying, "'To your descendants I have given this land'" (Ge 15:18), "'the land of your sojournings, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God'" (17:8). It will be fulfilled "'when I will restore the fortunes of My people Israel and Judah . . . [and] will also bring them back to the land that I gave to their foretathers and they shall possess it'" (Jer 30:3). "'In those days the house of Judah will walk with the house of Israel, and they will come together from the land of the north to the land that I gave your fathers as an inheritance'" (3:18). "'I will take the sons of Israel from among the nations where they have gone . . . and bring them into their own land; and I will make them one nation . . . and they will no longer be two nations'" (Eze 37:21-22). "'I will . . . cleanse them . . . and they wil be My people, and I will be their God'" (:23).

They will proclaim, "'O Lord, save Your people, the remnant of Israel'" (Jer 31:7). "'Behold, I am bringing them from the north country, and I will gather them from the remote parts of the earth'" (:8). "'At the time when I gather you together; indeed I will give you renown and praise among all the peoples of the earth, when I restore our fortunes before your eyes'" (Zep 3:20). "'That day is great, there is none like it'" (Jer 30:7). "'It is the time of Jacob's distress, but he will be saved from it'" (:7). However, it will be difficult, for "'I have heard a sound of terror, of dread, and there is no peace'" (:5). "'This is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days, 'declares the Lord, 'I will put My law within them and on their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people'" (Jer 31:33).

A Remnant will Return

"'That day is great, there will be none like it; and it is the time of Jacob's distress'" (Jer 30:7). It is said to be the time of the Great Tribulation. They will say, "'Why has the Lord done thus to this land?'" (Dt 29:24) and the reply will be, "'Because they forsook the covenant of the Lord . . . [and] went and served other gods'" (:25-26). "'The Lord uprooted them from their land in anger and in fury and in great wrath, and cast them into another land, as it is to this day'" (:28). "'A destruction is determined'" (Isa 10:22). "'Surely, just as I have intended so it has happened, and just as I have planned so it will stand'" (14:24). "'I will gather all the nations against Jerusalem to battle'" (Zec 14:2). However, "'in a little while My indignation against you will be spent'" (Isa 10:25). "Then the Lord will go forth and fight against those nations" (Zec 14:3). "'O Lord, save Your people, the remnant of Israel'" (Jer 31:7). There will be "in that day the remnant of Israel, and those of the house of Jacob who have escaped" (Isa 10:20). "A remnant will return, the remnant of Jacob to the mighty God" (:21) for "only a remnant within them will return" (:22). "'It will happen on that day that the Lord will recover the second time with His hand the remnant of His people'" (Isa 11:11). "'He will assemble the banished ones of Israel, and will gather the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth;: (:12). "The Lord will have coompassion on Jacob and again choose Israel, and settle them in their own land . . . and it will be in the day when the Lord gives you rest" (14:1,3). "'I bring near My righteousness, it is not far off; and my salvation will not delay. And I will grant salvation in Zion, and My glory for Israel'" (46:13-14).

"'It shall be when all these things have come upon you . . . and you call them to mind . . . and you return to the Lord your God and obey him with all your heart and soul . . . then the Lord your God will restore you from captivity . . . and will gather you again from all the peoples'" (Dt 30:1,2,3). He "'will bring you into the land which your fathers possessed and you shall possess it'" (:5). Also He "'will circumcise your heart and the heart of your descendants, to love the Lord . . . so that you may live'" (:6). It will be the "favorable year of the Lord and the day of vengeance of our God" (Isa 61:2). "They will rebuild the ancient ruins" (:4) and "be called the priests of the Lord" (:6). "Instead of your shame you will have a double portion" (:7) and "I will faithfully give them their recompense" (:8) and "make an everlasting covenant with them"(:8). This is not accomplished without a struggle. "I saw the beast and the kings of the earth and their armies assembled to make war against Him who sat on the horse and against His army" (Rev 19:19). There was a "white horse and He who sat on it" (:11) and "armies which are in heaven . . . were following Him on white horses" (:14). "In the days of those kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom which will never be destroyed, and that kingdom will not be left for another people; it will crush and put an end to all these kingdoms, but it will endure forever" (Da 2:44).

Kingdom of Heaven

Revelation 20:1-6 presents the millennium and it is a time of peace because Satan is bound for a thousand years (:2). It is a period of theocratic government because they reigned with Christ for a thousand years (:4,6). Jesus said, "'In the regeneration when the Son of Man will sit on His glorious throne, you also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel'" (Mt 19:28). John saw "thrones and they that sat upon them, and judgment was given to them" (Rev 20:4). "In the last days, the mountain of the house of the Lord will be established as the chief of the mountains . . . and all the nations will stream to it" (Isa 2:2). "Behold, the Lord God will come with might, with His arm ruling for Him" (40:10). "The Lord has established His throne in the heavens; and His sovereignty rules over all" (Ps 103:19). "Thy kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and Thy dominion endures throughout all generations" (145:13). In the millennium (and afterwards) you could say that Christ fulfills the functions of the executive, legislative, and judicial functions of government. "For the Lord is our judge, the Lord is our lawgiver, the Lord is our King" (33:22).

The Messianic kingdom was prophesied with, "'Your house and your kingdom shall endure before Me forever; your throne shall be established forever'" (2Sa 7:16). "There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace; on the throne of David and over his kingdom" (Isa 9:7). It is because "a Son will be given to us; and the government will rest on His shoulders" (:6). It is a matter of authority, power, dominion and rule. "For the kingdom is the Lord's, and He rules over the nations" (Ps 22:28). "The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me" (Isa 61:1) "to proclaim the favorable year of the Lord, and the day of vengeance of our God" (:2). "His dominion will be from sea to sea, and from the River to the ends of the earth" (Zec 9:10). "He will judge between the nations, and will render decisions for many peoples" (Isa 2:4). "With righteousness He will judge the poor, and decide with fairness for the afflicted of the earth" (11:4). "For Zion's sake I will not keep silent, and for Jerusalem's sake I will not keep quiet" (Isa 62:1). "The law will go forth from Zion, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem" (2:3). The eventuality is that "'The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord'" (Rev 11:15). But there was a tension between the current and future realities of the kingdom. We know that scripture teaches that the kingdom is already present because John said he was a "fellow-partaker in the tribulation and kingdom and perseverance which are in Jesus" (Rev 1:9). Paul stated, "He delivered us from the domain of darkness, and translated us to the kingdom of His beloved Son" (Col 1:13). Jesus explained, "'When you see these things happening, recognize that the kingdom of God is near . . . [and] this generation will not pass away until all things take place'" (Lk 21:31-32).

Kingdom is Lord's

Paul spoke of Christ "who is to judge the living and the dead, and by His appearing and His kingdom" (2Ti 4:1). "The kingdom is the Lord's" (Ps 22:28) and "His sovereignty rules over all" (103:19). His authority "rules over" (22:28) and "keep[s] watch on the nations" (66:7). His power is seen through his "mighty acts" (145:12) and "He rules by His might forever" (66:7). It is an "everlasting kingdom" (145:13) administered from "His throne in the heavens" (103:19). His "dominion endures throughout all generations" (145:13). This rule is over creation in general and man in particular. But there is also a future application in a messianic sense. Christ came and "the government will rest on His shoulders" (Isa 9:6) and "there will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace" (:7). It will be "on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness" (:7). They brought David to Samuel and God said, "'Anoint him; for this is he'" (1Sa 16:12). Samuel did so and "the Spirit of the Lord came mightily upon David from that day forward" (:13). They said, "'The Lord said to you, 'You will shepherd My people Israel''" (2Sa 5:2).

"The Lord has sworn to David . . . of the fruit of your body I will set upon the throne" (Ps 132:11). "'One will go forth for Me to be ruler of Israel'" (Micah 5:2). "'I will raise up for David a righteous Branch; and He will reign as king'" (Jer 23:5). "Has not the Scripture said that the Christ comes from the descendants of David, and from Bethlehem, the village where David was?'" (Jn 7:42). "Of all my sons . . . He has chosen my son Solomon to sit on the throne of the kingdom of the Lord over Israel" (1Ch 28:5). "Soloman has even taken his seat on the throne of the kingdom" (1Ki 1:46) and God told him, "'I will establish your royal throne as I covented with your father David'" (2Ch 7:18). Paul stated that Christ "was born of a descendant of David according to the flesh" (Ro 1:3). Jesus, himself, cited the importance of this continuity saying, "'I am the root and the descendant of David, the bright and morning star'" (Rev 22:16). He asks the Pharisees, "'How does David in the Spirit call Him 'Lord,''" (Mt 22:43) for "'if David then calls Him 'Lord,' how is He his son?'" (:45). The reference is "The Lord says to my Lord: 'Sit at My right hand until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet'" (Ps 110:1). Jesus was proving that he was the Messiah and "no one was able to answer Him a word" (Mt 22:46).

Prophetically it is "when He sits on the throne of His kingdom" (Dt 17:18). Nathan prophesied, "'Your throne shall be established forever'" (2Sa 7:16). "'There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, on the throne of David and over His kingdom'" (Isa 9:7). It was according to what the angel told Mary that Jesus "'will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David'" (Lk 1:32). Daniel predicted that "His kingdom will be an everlasting kingdom, and all the dominions will serve and obey Him" (Da :27). The angel explained regarding Jesus' birth that "'He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and His kingdom will have no end'" (Lk 1:33). "'Having been exalted to the right hand of God . . . [he] received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit'" (Ac 2:33). Being exalted would be occupying a "supreme place." "'All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth'" (Mt 28:18). "'All things that the Father has are Mine'" (Jn 16:15).